Managers, in the public sector, especially in regional and local government administrations, who are counterparts to Danish supported development activities in African priority countries.
>Participants are expected to have a relevant educational background and at least 3-5 years of professional experience in regional/local government.
The Main Purpose of the Course is to:
- Broaden the outlook of the participants and thereby improve their operational effectiveness;
- Expose participants to the principles of governance and leadership at the local level in order to make them more effective in local level governance;
- Enable participants to learn from other countries’ experiences in decentralization and local governance so that best practices can be learnt and replicated in their home countries.
- Governance – Principles and Practice
What is “governance” and what is the difference between “governance” and “good governance” forms the theme of this lecture. The lecture also introduces participants to the specificities of local level good governance. The principles of “good governance” and the issue of cleavage or congruence between principles and practice are examined in detail with the aid of case studies.
- Decentralization and Local Government Administration
The lecture introduces participants to local government administration and the principles and variants of decentralization. It emphasizes especially local level checks and balances to ensure good governance at the local level. A general overview of local government and decentralization in Ghana is taught as a specific case study.
- Human Resource Management and Organizational Behavior in Local Government
The lecture covers the functional areas of human resource management: recruitment, training, development, performance, compensation, resignations and retirement within local government. The division of these competences between central and local government systems is also examined.
- Local Level Leadership – Concept, Principles and Practice
The lecture will examine the qualities of local leadership and how these are identified and nurtured. The political, economic, social and developmental environment of local level leadership is discussed and the reasons for the difficulties at the local level in sub-Saharan Africa are examined. Also examined is how best local level leadership should emerge.
- Decentralized Planning and Fiscal Decentralization
The lecture deals with the conversion of top-down planning systems into bottom-up systems; the creation and the nature of decentralized planning structures and their functions; and the differences between decentralized and participatory planning systems. It also covers the transfer of means and resources to decentralized units and the financial empowerment of local governments. The relationship between the decentralized planning system and budgetary arrangements is also examined.
- Policy Formulation and Analysis in Local Government
Local level agenda setting, decision-making, monitoring evaluation and feedback are all analyzed in this lecture. Also analyzed are the respective role of local councilors and local bureaucrats and technocrats as well as local civil society organizations in policy making. The limitations of local level policy making and the relationship between that and national policy making is examined. The impact and reaction of the local citizenry to policies are examined in some detail.
- Political and Administrative Decentralization
The lecture introduces participants to the principles of demarcation of decentralized units; the nature of decentralized structures for political supervision at the local level as well as the composition and functions of local level political structures. It deals with the principles of the transfer of skills and competence to decentralized units and the general issue of capacity-building at the local level.
- Public Private Partnership and Local Economic Development
The lecture discusses Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) as a variant of decentralization and elaborates on the various types of PPP and privatization at the local level. Local Economic Development (LED) as a function of local governments and an additionality to local level development and municipal services delivery is examined in detail and its pros and cons assessed. Some specific LED case studies will be discussed.
- Procurement Management at the Local Level
The lecture defines public procurement and examines the different methods of procurement for local authorities. It assesses the merits and demerits of local governments as their own procurement authorities as opposed to central government doing it for them. The advantages and disadvantages of the different methods are discussed. Rent-seeking and other malfeasances associated with public procurement are discussed and solutions to them examined.
- Women, Civil Society and Participatory Planning and Budgeting at the Local Level
The lecture examines how women as a historically disadvantaged group can be effectively mainstreamed into the local government system. It also looks at the wider issue of civil society and local governance and examines how participatory planning and budgeting can be used as processes of inclusiveness to involve chiefs, traditional authorities, opinion leaders and other stakeholders at the local level in local governance as well as to ensure accountability and transparency.
The learning process will engage participants through lectures, public sector visits, field trips, syndicate/group discussions and development/presentation of Action Plans; during the course, participants are expected to incorporate elements from the course programme into Action Plans (APs). After returning from the course the home organization is expected to support the participant in implementing the Action Plan.
The course is co-funded by Danida Capacity Development Support Programme. After selection of course participants, the Danida programmes/projects are charged a non-refundable amount of DKK 2,500 per participant per tutorial week. Total funding needs are DKK 5,000 (approx. USD 750). This includes study fee, accommodation and allowances.
Place of Study
Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA), Accra, Ghana.